Environment and Energy
Solar panels in the IDP settlement in Shida Kartli. April 2012
Photo: David Khizanishvili/UNDP
UNDP assists Georgia in applying an integrated development approach to environmental issues and in expanding the access to green solutions. UNDP promotes the use of local energy resources and the conservation of Georgia’s biodiversity.
UNDP also assists in adopting national strategies to effectively counter the risk of natural and man-made disasters, such as earthquakes, floods, landslides, and urban and technological disasters.
Global environmental obligations
UNDP supports the government in the preparation of national reports under the UN Conventions on Climate Change, Biodiversity, the Vienna Convention and the Montreal Protocol, and the Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants.
Annual reports or communications examine the impact of climate change on Georgia and the Caucasus, and include the updated information on national and regional priorities, strategies and mitigation measures. The Third National Communication will be released in 2012 and will assess how vulnerable Georgia’s economy and ecosystems are to climate change. Furthermore, the report will provide the Greenhouse Gas (GHG) inventory for different sectors of economy.
UNDP encourages the development and use of small hydro and geothermal resources. In cooperation with the Tbilisi Mayor’s Office, UNDP assessed the prospects of using geothermal resources in the capital city and helped set up a pilot geothermal circulation system. This initiative is benefiting more than 1,000 consumers in Tbilisi.
In 2011, UNDP launched a new project to promote the production and use of biomass fuels. This innovation provides the efficient and environmental-friendly heating which reduces dependence on fossil fuels and helps avoid the Greenhouse Gas emissions.
Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)
Stockpiles of obsolete pesticides are the source of Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) that harm the environment and negatively affect people’s health. UNDP’s new project helps improve the stockpile management and gradually eliminate dangerous pollutants from the environment.
Throughout 2011, UNDP worked closely with the national Agency for Protected Areas to achieve sustainable financial management. To this end, UNDP examined different models of revenue generation, including private-public partnerships.
Water resources and climate change
In 2011, UNDP continued the programme in Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia aiming at protecting natural resources and improving watershed management of the Kura-Aras river basin.
A research commissioned by UNDP to examine the impact of Climate Change on the South Caucasus, focused on water resources in the trans-boundary river basins, water supplies for critical agriculture areas and on urban heat stresses.
Disaster Risk Reduction
UNDP works with the National Security Council and the ministries of Internal Affairs, Regional Development and Infrastructure, and Environment Protection and Natural Resources to facilitate the adoption by the Georgian government of relevant policies in the priority areas of Disaster Risk Reduction.